Sophia Pinz

Mr. Duvall 7G3

The Algonquins

The Algonquin’s shaped the Atlantic World by trading with many different people in the Atlantic Ocean region. The Algonquin’s were Indians who lived in the area of the Rocky Mountains and the Great Lakes. The Algonquin’s social and political organization was very relaxed. They believed in many Gods in nature. Their everyday life included lots of hunting and trading. Their art, technology and culture were very simple and involved inspiration from the natural world around them. All of these traits played a role in how the Algonquin’s shaped the Atlantic World.


The Algonquin’s art, technology and culture were different from other tribes. The Algonquin’s used technology to make various styles of canoes so that they could travel long distances to trade with the Europeans. The canoes that they made were lightweight and buoyant, which made traveling much easier. The Algonquin’s had to use the resources around them to do certain tasks. They used fish shells and ashes as fertilizer for their crops. They made spades and hoes from shells which made planting easier. The Algonquin’s art was basic and simple, yet had its own unique features. They made baskets out of cornhusks, grass, and bark. They painted colorful pictures of animals on them. They used porcupine quills as paintbrushes. The Algonquin also made floor mats out of various materials such as bark, rushes, dressed deerskins, and feathery garments. Their clothing was made out of animal skins and leather, which they acquired from their trading. The Algonquin’s culture was rich because of their art and technology. 


The Algonquin’s were very religious and believed in many Gods. The Algonquin’s believed that the sun, moon, fire, trees, lakes and many types of animals were Gods or spirits. They also believed that their chief was a God, and they pictured him as a large bunny relating to the sun. The bunny related to the sun because in their language the words light and rabbit were very similar. The Algonquin’s also believed that the spirits of humans and animals were immortal and remained on earth forever. The Algonquin’s believed strongly in their religion and it was very different than others.


The Algonquin’s social and political organization was very relaxed and did not contain many parts. The Algonquin’s considered themselves as equals; however, the chief was thought to be the most important of them all. The Algonquin’s were enemies with the Iroquois, and they had many gruesome battles for the rule of the land. The Algonquin’s were allies with the French, and the French helped them fight and defend against the Iroquois’. The Algonquin’s social and political organization was very simple and relaxed.


The Algonquin’s everyday life was a very simple, easy life. It included lots of trading, hunting and fighting. The Algonquin’s hunted caribou, moose, deer and even beavers. The beavers that they hunted provided them with meat to eat and fur to use or trade. They traded the fur with the Europeans. They also traded materials such as animal pelts and porcupine quills for corn, tobacco, fishing gear and wampum or Indian money. The Algonquin’s everyday life depended on trading, hunting and fighting.


The Algonquin’s had to move around because they had battles against the Iroquois for land. The Algonquin’s pushed the Iroquois’ farther and farther back south. This allowed them to claim more land. In 1603, the Algonquin’s kept losing many battles against the Iroquois’. This prevented them from moving up the St. Lawrence River. The Iroquois’ wanted more land for hunting, so while the Algonquin’s ally, the French, were at war they attacked the Algonquin. The Iroquois got much stronger and many of the Algonquin’s died. In 1667 the French finally fought off the Iroquois for them.