1. Area inhabited/ruled [if members of your group emigrated, immigrated, or established settlement (colonies) outside of their home country you should include anexplanation of that travel or settlement in this section; include places traveled and reasons for leaving home country]
    • The British Empire was a civilization on an island in Northern Europe next to wales and Scotland. Henry VII was one of the most important monarchs of England because of his Leadership in wars. Henry Tudor became King Henry of and Wales after defeating Richard lll at the Battle of Bosworth in August 1485. This battle saw the end of the Wars of the Roses which had brought instability to England. The Wars of the Roses had been a constant battle between two of England's most powerful families - the families of York and Lancaster. Henry was a member of the Lancaster family. To bring the two families closer together he married Elizabeth of York (the niece of the man he had killed to become king).
      • map_of_england.png
        Map of England
        Henry VII

  2. Everyday Life and Housing
    • Life in Tudor Britain was harsh - the average life expectancy was just 35 years. Most Tudor people lived in the countryside, but some people lived in towns or big Tudor cities like London, Bristol or Norwich. Tudor England was a farming society. Most of the population (over 90 %) lived in small villages and made their living from farming. Under Tudor rule England became a more peaceful and richer place. Towns grew larger and the mining of coal, tin and lead became very popular. Life had many problems. Towns were becoming overcrowded, roads were muddy, tracks and travelling was difficult. The overcrowding caused danger from fire and disease. Most ordinary homes in Tudor times were half timbered - they had wooden frames and the spaces between were filled with small sticks and wet clay called wattle and daub. Tudor houses are known for their 'black-and-white' effect.
      Everyday life in a typical village
      A House during this time period looked like this

  3. Social and Political Organization The Tudor family were very important rulers including Henry VII, Henry VIII, Edward VI, Jane Grey, Mary I, Elizabeth. They brought the English people a new civilization.They built many churches and many other important buildings.
    Elizabeth was known for starting oversea trade with other countries
  4. Religion and Arts In the 16th century, there was a big change in the way some Christians worshipped God. Up until the 16th century most people were Roman Catholic and the Pope in Rome was the head of church. In 1517, a German monk called Martin Luther led a breakaway from the Roman Catholic church. The new Christians called themselves ‘Protestants’ because they were protesting against the Roman 'Catholic' (meaning 'universal') Church, its teachings and its customs. Their demand for reform led to this period of history being called the Reformation. People in Tudor times were very religious and were prepared to die for their beliefs. It must have been very hard for them during the 118 years the Tudor kings and Queens ruled because they were often forced to change their religion depending on the religion of the reigning monarch. The English were known for their fine architecture on many buildings and palaces.
    The English were known for their architecture
    Symbol of the Tudor time period (1485-1603)

    Oversea Trade and Playwrights The most important country that England could develop trading relations with was Spain. Spain was pioneering overseas exploration to the ‘New World’ and these voyages opened up exciting possibilities in trade. The negotiations surrounding the marriage between Prince Arthur and Catherine of Aragon (the Treaty of Medina del Campo of 1489) also allowed for trade talks. Each nation was given the opportunity to trade with the other with duties fixed at an advantageously low rate. From a trade point of view, this was a very successful treaty for Henry. They also traded with Africans for slaves and would sell manufactured goods. They would sell the slaves to the Americas, this was called the triangle of trade. Poetry and Theater was a famous activity in England. William Shakespeare was an English poet and playwright, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist. He is often called England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon". His surviving works, including some collaborations, consist of about 38 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and several other poems. His plays have been translated into every major living language and are performed more often than those of any other playwright.
    William Shakespeare
    Triangle of Trade
  5. Explorations
    Francis Drake was the first Englishman to sail around the world, which he did (1577 - 1580) in his ship The Golden Hinde. Drake started his famous circumnavigation of the world from Plymouth, England, November 15, 1577, passed through the Straight of Magellan (southern tip of South America) into the Pacific, coasted up the western shores of the Americas, crossed to Asia and the Philippines, and finally returned to Britain on September 26, 1580. With many Englishmen exploring around the world gave them a better understanding of where geographical locations were and could put together maps
    Francis Drake
    Golden Hinde (Francis Drakes Ship)

The English Empire was one of the most important powers in the world. It gave us More trade, Discovery of tobacco, Discovery of potatoes, Better knowledge of the world, Colonizing other countries, More accurate maps, Better ship building, Vocabulary/language, and Better navigation.