1. Area inhabited/ruled [if members of your group emigrated, immigrated, or established settlement (colonies) outside of their home country you should include an explanation of that travel or settlement in this section; include places traveled and reasons for leaving home country]

The Catawba Indians stretched from most of South Carolina through the Piedmont of North Carolina to the Virginia line. The word Catawba means “fork in the river” but they also called themselves Ye Iswa which means “people of the river.”

  1. Everyday Life

The Catawba lived in villages. The walls of the homes where made from bark. They made circular rooftops to indicate that the building was made for meetings. Most of the villages had sports fields. While other tribes used boats of canoes for their transportation but the Catawba Indians used dogs to help carry supplies. In the village the men’s responsibility was to hunt the food with blowguns to kills birds or other small animals and spears or bows to kill bigger animals. The woman’s responsibility was to take care of the children, clean, and farm. Both contributed by telling stories and contributing in music, artwork, and leadership. Some chiefs were women.

Like other tribes the Catawba had a style of clothing. The men would wear deer skin breecloths and women would wear wraparound skirts and mantle type shirts. Both wore their hair long, tribal tattoos on their face, and moccasins. Some Catawba warriors dyed their hair red.

  1. Social and Political Organization
Until the early nineteenth century, men achieved status through their skills as hunters, warriors, and speakers. Age conferred status on both men and women. Women, who enjoyed equal status with men, may also have acquired status through their skills as potters—a status that may have increased in the nineteenth century as pottery's economic role became more important. Although surrounded after 1750 by a slave-owning culture,the Catawba owned few slaves themselves.

  1. Religion
The Catawba where polytheists which meant they worshiped many gods. Some of the Catawba’s where either Baptist of Methodist, but over time they all converted to Mormonism

  1. Arts/Technology/Developed Culture

The Catawba where known for their pottery, baskets, and woodcarvings. The Catawba told fairy tales and legends.

The Catawba had their own communal ceremonies to celebrate the harvest and pray for future success in planting.

Below is a picture of a Catawba house. Below is a picture of Catawba pottery

home cluster.jpg


Above is a picture of the Catawba Indians and how they dressed

Lauryn Hughes