The French and the Age of Exploration
By: Chris Hanson and Amaan Qazi
The French played a major role in the development of the Age of Exploration and the New World. The French were a great nation, full of great and inspiring people. They helped create a civilization that has been remembered through the ages. They traded with many other countries and spread there culture throughout the Atlantic World. If the French culture did not exist are world would be extremely different. Our world today would not be as advanced in the arts, technology, and culture.There everyday life affected other countries other trade and culture. There area of inhabited rule would have gone to different countries which could alter events for the worse. We hope that you learn from our project and you can ultimately decide if you agree with our opinion. Knowing how great this civilization turned out to be. (Amaan and Chris)

Every day life
The everyday life of the French citizens was a mixture of work, family, and trading at the local market, or if you were a merchant, foreign countries. The French had a great deal of trading and that made them a great civilization. One of their biggest trades was the trans-Atlantic slave trade. They got a lot more slaves than America almost four times as much. Unfortunately, they did not treat the slaves as well as the Americans. The French slave owners worked them under harsh conditions, and had harsh punishments for disobedience. Other items the French traded was olives, wines, cedar, wood, artichokes, cedar, wood, silk, wool, copper, tin, lead, and many more.
The French had a order of classes and you could classify them into a “pyramid of power” The nobility who enjoyed vast amounts of land, money, and servants who ruled were at the top. Next came the rich merchants and gentleman who did not do work but inherited a coat of arms and money. Next came the craftsmen and yeomen, who could be as rich as gentries but did labor unlike the gentries. At the very bottom came the laborers and farmers . The each had their own jobs and clothing, games, rules, and work. However the women in France had a different life style. If there husband was rich enough to own slaves they would be in charge of them. The women also did the cooking, cleaning, and household chores. They made some of the clothes and used vegetable juices to die them. They were in charge of the house and dealt with all its needs and guests.
A part of every one's day was their games and activities. The days of glorious jousting and sword fighting, to the death, were over. Although the rich people did enjoy fighting with wood lances and swords. Another past time the rich people enjoyed was chess, backgammon, or they would go out an hunt with bows and arrows. You could tell a rich person from a poor person by the way they dressed. The poor enjoyed gambling with dice, singing and dancing. They both wore wool but the rich people could afford fine wool while poor people could only afford coarse wool. They also used silk for shirts and underwear. The rich people would bejewel there clothes with gold and jewels. All of this trade and everyday life was brought over into the colonies and we learned them. All of the French ways were tied into the massive combination of cultures that the US has. Without the French resources and ideas the culture would be unlike the culture is today. (Chris) For more on the daily activities look down below.
The People of France (specifically the rich) had plenty of time to themselves, young men learned how to ride horses or fence, many rich people built tennis courts next to their houses in the city. some people gathered in private to eat gossip, play cards, and argue, by this time French Drama flourished, and plays started to show in theatres, all French rich and poor alike, enjoyed La Promenade (walking), The poor of France often attended public dances, chatted with friends at taverns and cafes, and enjoyed public festivals with spectacular fireworks. (Amaan)


This is a picture of a French church built in the 16th century


Religion in France was very important and it had a big impact on the French society. The French’s religion was Christian more specifically Catholic. This is a monotheism worshipping a main god, a son of the god, and the holy spirit. The religious book they used is called the bible. The catholic church was a big part of the political system and had huge amounts of power. The priests started getting corrupt and everything went wrong. The Christianity This is a French church built in the 1600s
religions such as Methodist, Lutheran, Presbyterian are all Protestants.The French religion also affected their daily life. The church even went so far as to better the relationships between the parent and child. And the education was done in the church. The French religion had a big impact on society and on the religions as we know today such as the religion Lutheran branch of Christianity is the religion I follow. (Chris) For more on the religion look below.
In the early 1500’s some Christians in Germany separated from the Catholic Church to start a new Protestant Church. The movement, known as the Protestant Reformation, spread rapidly in Europe. The Printing Press played an important role in the change. Both Catholics and Huguenots (a group of French Protestants) used it to create posters, books, and pamphlets advertising their views. Many clashes between the groups were common,and in Paris the government exiled or executed many Huguenots and cracked down their security. A sensational event in France in the early 14th century raised public consciousness of witchcraft to all-time highs. It involved a strange military religious order called the Knights Templar's, a uniquely medieval foundation that was a combination of a religious order and private army. The Knights Templar’s were originally conceived as the military arm of the Church during the Crusades, and by the 1300's they had amassed a vast treasury. King Philip the Fair of France saw the Templar’s as a source of revenue, and in 1307 he swept down on the Templar’s and had every one in France arrested on the same night.- Amaan)

Culture, Arts, and Technology
The culture, arts, and technology of the French were advanced and influenced and were influenced by many countries. The art in France was very important. Many famous paintings were done by French painters. The early form of French art was Gothic which is mainly religious. They then transferred to Renaissance which was brought over by the Italians. Not only the art was influenced by the Italians, but the Italians also influence their architecture. The culture that is brought into this is huge because a lot of the French culture was their beautiful art and architecture. They also had theatre as plays and ballets.
The technology that the French used was revolutionary and advanced for their time. The other countries used this technology was the Spaniards, the English and the Italians. The armor they wore was intricately carved with engravings depicting battles and great deeds. This means they must have had tools to engraves these. Also the use of gunpowder and cannons came into use around the 1430s. This made the use of castle walls diminish since all they had to do was blow it up with a cannon. The cannon’s they used could fire a piece of lead anywhere from 10kg to 150kg. The French had advancements in technology, arts, and culture that affected our world and the world around them. (Chris)


This is a picture of a Louis XIV cannon from France in the 1500s

The French government was a monarch. If your government is a monarchy the monarch or ruler has absolute power. In this case In France their monarchs were Kings with father to son inheritance. France and England carried out a series of long, deadly wars, which are known collectively as the Hundred Years' War (1337-1453). Making the problem of agricultural decline worsen. The Hundred Years' War was caused by two main situations: the English kings' continuing claim to territories in France and the efforts of the French crown to push them out.Also a succession crisis when both English King Edward III and the new French King Philip Valois (Philip IV) both claimed to be the rightful successor to the French Capetian King when Charles IV died without a heir.
A huge part of France pushing England out was from Joan of Arc, who was a farm girl. Even as a Child Joan was a very religious Christian. She went to church everyday and in between work and playtime always prayed. By the time she was 13 she heard mysterious voices in her head. As she grew more older she figured that the voices were the voices of god, more specifically Saints. These Saints told her she had to crown the king (the original king died and his only heir was underage to rule), an almost impossible task. In the process she led many French armies and won back very important French Cities such as Orleans, Reims, Patay, Jargeau, Muenge, Beaugency, along with many others. Soon after the King was ceremonially inaugurated she captured by the English and was burned on a stake. She was recently inducted by the Pope to become a Saint because of the religious help she gave to the French making her an important figure in French religious and political history. (Amaan)


Places Conquered
The French had a strong military and because o this, conquered many lands that effected the outcome our world today. Some of the lands they conquered were the Portuguese, the Netherlands, the Nazarre (which was north of Spain at that time), and the Belgians. They also owned some land in the northern and southern parts of North America. They owned parts of Canada such as Quebec, but mostly all along the South. As you have learned before they conquered the land of the Louisiana Purchase. They realized as the colonized people moved more towards the west, the land west of the Mississippi was more important in commercial value then ever. The French conquering this land was very important, because of all the cultural diffusion spread. This is true because if you look at some African countries many countries speak French. (Amaan)

Before the 100 years war

After/During the 100 years war


In conclusion, the French effected our lives greatly. Through all of the information we have given you we have proven why the French are so important throughout the world.Through their influences through trading, conquering, exploring, and their knowledge: they have made big advancements in technology, culture, and arts. Thank you for listening to our presentation. (Amaan and Chris)

Works Cited

(Chris Hanson)

1. “Artillery of France in the Middle Ages.” Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Sept. 2011. <​wiki/​ Artillery_of_France_in_the_Middle_Ages>. This site has good info on what kind of weapons that they used.
2. “Art in France.” Novel Guide. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Sept. 2011. <​a/​discover/​rens_01/​ rens_01_00035.html>. This has a bunch of good information about the French art.
3. “Economic History of France.” Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Sept. 2011. <​wiki/​Economic_history_of_France>. This has a lot of good info on the trading that they did.
4. Ferraro, Joanne M. “Early Modern Europe.” Encyclopedia of Children and Childhood in History and Society. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Sept. 2011. <​childhood/​Co-Fa/​Early-Modern-Europe.html>. This is a good site and has a lot about the religion
5. “France 1400-1600 A.D.” The Metropolitan Museum of Art. N.p., Oct. 2002. Web. 27 Sept. 2011. <​toah/​ht/​?period=08&region=euwf#/​ Overview>. We chose this site because it had a good overview and many paintings that helped us learn about the French in the Atlantic World
6. “France 1600-1815.” History 540. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Sept. 2011. <​~popkin/​540syl2007/​540Fronde.htm>. Has a lot of info on French History
7. “French Slavery.” Done With Mirrors. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Sept. 2011. <​2005/​05/​french-slavery.html>. This is a good site and it talks a lot about the slave trade which is very helpful
8. Lambert, Tim. “Tudor Life.” Life in Tudor Times. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Sept. 2011. <​tudor.html>. This has a lot of everyday life stuff that is really interesting and helpful

(Amaan Qazi)

1.“France.” France in the Late 1400’s. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Sept. 2011. <​courses/​latemiddleages/​visitors/​ inquiry.shtml>. I chose this site because it was pretty straight forward and helped me a lot!
2.“France 1400-1600 A.D.” The Metropolitan Museum of Art. N.p., Oct. 2002. Web. 27 Sept. 2011. <​toah/​ht/​?period=08&region=euwf#/​ Overview>. We chose this site because it had a good overview and many paintings that helped us learn about the French in the Atlantic World
3.“France 1600-1800 A.D.” The Metropolitan Museum of Art. N.p., Dec. 2003. Web. 28 Sept. 2011. <​toah/​ht/​?period=09&region=euwf#/​ Overview>. We chose this site because it had many different art pieces and had a large amount of information
4. “France 1600-1815.” History 540. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Sept. 2011. <​~popkin/​540syl2007/​540Fronde.htm>. Has a lot of info on French History
5. Hoban, Sarah. Daily Life in Ancient and Modern Paris. N.p.: Runestone Press, 2001. Print. Had a lot of excellent information on Paris and everyday life, it was also great because it had good paragraphs on religion.
6. “’The Waning of the Middle Ages’: Crisis and Recovery.” 1400-1650 Lecture 11. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Sept. 2011. <​mhickey/​ to%201650%20Lecture%2011.htm>. I chose this site because it was very detailed and had all the information i needed

1. French Church. N.d. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2011.
<>. Is a picture of a French
church and we are doing religion.
2. Louis 14Th French Cannon. N.d. Black Powder Rifles and Cannons. N.p., n.d. Web.
3. 10 Oct. 2011. <
BP%20Rifles%20&%20Canons.htm>. Is a good picture of a cannon.
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5. Google Images