France, a History.
By Gwyneth McDonald and Grace Guirl

France was one of the most influential empires of the Atlantic world. France played a big part of the exploration of the new world, ways of government, new religious groups, and ideas about art and technology. France showed the world new ideas, and opened a new way of life. GM

Early France was in western Europe. The country was large in size, and roughly similar to the size of France today. France was a kingdom full of powerful, influential people. Even though France was so massive and populated, they were always looking for new land. Exploration during the Atlantic world was a big deal. To complete a feat as great as crossing the Atlantic required a lot of patience, skill, and bravery. French explorers were always headed to the new world to take part in the great challenges, which often lead to new land, new discoveries, and an easier way to trade and meet the natives. Explorers like Samuel De Champlain, made great discoveries like Lake Champlain and new areas to settle, to help France as a kingdom expand. French explorers left their home country to find an easier way to trade, to find passages to other areas, and to find new land. Often, as they tried to find something, they often found something else. While looking for a passage to the West Indies through North America, Jacques Cartier found the St. Lawrence river instead. This unexpected find led to a new colony in Canada, which unfortunately did not succeed. GM

Giovanni Da Verenzano was also searching for a passage to the West Indies for France, he landed in the east coast of what now is present day America. He spent a long period of time searching the coast, before returning to France. By far the most famous discovery was made by two Frenchmen living with the Huron Indians. As Pierre Marquette and Louis Joilet searched for a route to the pacific ocean, the two came across the Mississippi River. Because of their discovery, a new way to trade opened. And with help from Robert LaSalle, another french explorer, small trading posts became large cities, including our own, St. Louis. By the end of the 1600’s France had new colony’s in present-day Canada, and America. These discoveries made history, and opened an opportunity for the whole world. GM

The life of the peasants and rich people was either very fabulous or very demanding. Peasants would live in little apartments or houses with other families from that same work place. More wealthy people would live in a huge mansion just out of the city. All of the peasants would live in the city and then go out and work in the countryside where some of the farmers lived. While the peasants would do that the the wealthier people would go into town to shop and to go and have some social time. They would probably work for the government which was usually only part time work. For meals the peasants would usually have grain because most of the farms produced grain. Some of the richer people would have bread and cheese and occasionally stew. Very rarely would people have a magnificent meal such as a fine meat.
As for the dresses, the wealthier people’s were very magnificent; they would wear them everywhere and even their sleepwear was more formal than our usual. Their dresses were usually a silk or taffeta, and bright green, pink, blue, violet, and yellow. Dyes for the fabric were usually very expensive, so the the peasants wore a cotton fabric that was white or beige. Wealthy men would wear a suit but the suit would have a tail, leggings instead of pants and they wore tall boots. Peasant men wore plain cotton tunics and boots if they could afford them. (GEG) external image a8CrmrKfFfEXM2U_Y2t34syWGs3NCymbjEIFfQr6bkbR15sPeQF1Hzez_wQP6qzNSA4tcTZFmjF5nVk6bUXW6aqrkZLhSCLtKdSCfI03h466qd6PQasexternal image CkLHBrCnS_QZ4402vpCeABYmls0P9Y6ZGsfv2Sp4tWSdA_okv7YAN8duNE3RHzBdJwa0kucWsbYPTxuXPFD2tRR18wuO9qOBM-LQkBCcC01752R8UHY

The French government was a monarchy, and was also ruled by the Frankish Kingdom. The families that ruled in this time were the House of Valois (1328–1589), ValoisOrléans Branch (1498–1515), the Valois-Angouleme Branch (1515-1589), and the House of Bourbon (1589-1792). The Government decided to have a family crest as its symbol and it had to have one main part with the Fleur de Lis. The family in power would get to decide what it wanted to add to the crest or take away. The kings and queens would get to live any where they wanted to as long as they had a place for the horses to stay which did not have to be on sight. The peasants did not have any input on the government’s decisions. There were three kinds of classes of society: 1% Roman Catholics who paid no taxes, the 2nd class was made up of a small 2% who did not pay taxes either, and the last class was the peasants class made up of 97% of the population. (GG)

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When most people think of French religion, their mind brings them to the Catholic church. While the catholic church did play a huge part in the history of France, Protestants did too. The Huguenots were a protestant group inspired by John Calvin, an influential theologian. They believed that salvation is by faith, not by works. The Catholics did not like the Huguenots and would often be inclined to attack Huguenot priests during worship. This was because France had always been a Catholic nation. Many inhabitants considered France to be “The Churches eldest daughter.” The King of France had always a close connection with the Pope. A sudden new group, defying the laws and ideas of the one and only church at the time, was unheard of and therefore immediately frowned upon. The continued hatred of the new religious group eventually led to the St. Bartholomew Massacre, killing thousands. This made the Huguenots very angry. They started to destroy catholic cities, and religious cites.
There were many more brutal battles ending in over 2.5 million peoples deaths, and by the end of the 17th century more than 200,000 protestants had been driven out of France. On April 13, 1598, a decree called the Edict of Nantes, granted the Huguenot protestants of France, freedom of private worship, and civil equality. Now Protestantism makes up a large portion of nations all across the world. GM
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The Massacre A famous painting of two young Huguenots .

France is the art capital of the world. For century's many artists have wowed the world with amazing painting techniques, architecture, and styles of art. In France, Baroque style was very popular. Nicholas Poussin was considered to be one of the masters of the baroque style. Having been drawn to the style of Rome, he went their to paint. Often his paintings will have a philosophical message. Lots of his most famous paintings are modeled from stories, many of which come from the Old Testament. Another Baroque artist, Georges De La Tour, was also known for his detailed paintings. However, his “claim to fame” was his famous ability to paint majestic scenes of people by candlelight. Claude Lorrian was a teacher and a painter. His style is mainly baroque, although he was particularly interested in landscaping. His art is now displayed in many museums across the world. Later, Pierre-Antoinne Lemoine introduced a new type of painting, and made still life more famous. Some of his more famous work include Figs, Still life with Bunches of Grapes, and Pomegranates.- GM
external image D6DctMZop9aXKNrbhQrqdFWEFvfJehmxZXZRBF955EBR_7_Y-uYuSzlKIj4LRP2rISILqbrkus0jEEjPMmNlrPYX0JmtXYVXjWbv0FQczmV2mqAv5uw external image dTIDp7gELsBhYKvNzzpcs-jl7urUJOXDB9ifKgf_izpoeddKvlVDVQJUDMoQnheR0mJMJn9th3DLlfXKyhxobni8eDC4ml3FNbP4Ey11IKiCDc8NsxY Candlelight pieces by Georges De La Tour
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Still Life With Bunches of Grapes The Lestcot Wing

Architecture was very important in early France. The chateauesque style bringing warm, homey, chateaus replaced the cold, stone style churches of the earlier period. This style has a unique look including tall,detailed towers, steep roofs, and beautiful, skinny spires. Before, the castle was mostly used for defense, not for living.The castles were uncomfortable, cold, and big. The chateau’s were smaller, stylish, and much more comfortable, but still were protective. The Loire Valley is a beautiful area of France, where lots of chateaus are built. It is now a popular tourist destination. Many people each year come to enjoy the beautiful styles of the chateaus. Some of the more popular buildings include Chateau De Chambord, Chateau DÁmboise, and the Chenonceau. One of the most famous French architectural designs is the Louvre. Pierre Lescot, who designed much of the Louvre, did so using classical styles. His part of the Louvre has many windows, pavilions and arch-headed windows.These styles were later known as “The Parisian Renaissance styles” and thus became an inspiration for later art. external image yoSVJEqRjrO1kNOUsaKk6wJiDQWl38TLY5RTLYjC5N9t1aImg8IobfihnhdYkMU35ciEqEue9AbeX0nZU_lH82P9665fR9P9LM1Dnwc62bcCFf79gHAexternal image ib9nCCq7Urrx3Ag0osCi7-ls4-W7rPMVdQwc74-AOu8Y3lHuxXRN-ECSfETvgtBOlDdWpJDR0n2tXObq0-_dP_sqHWSgx0q7tAid8PQ0-RlXHhPaEdY
Chenonceau in the Loire Valley. Chateau Vaux-le-Vicomte

France was such an influential kingdom because of the amazing ideas the people had. From the beautiful chateaus, to the styles of dress, the French thought of it all. The new styles, ideas, and religions stunned the world. Without the French, the way of life now would be different. The French now, still influence our society today. The influence of early France, affects all of us. France helped make our world what is is today. - GM and GG

Works Cited
About. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Oct. 2011. <​od/​explorefrenchfood/​a/​foodhistory.htm>.
All posters. “All Posters.” All Posters. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Oct. 2011. <​-st/​ Georges-de-La-Tour-Posters_c25906_.htm>. This is the place where I got some of my pictures
EnchantedLearning. “Inventors and Inventions from France.” Inventors and Inventions from France. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Sept. 2011. <​inventors/​france.shtml>. This website gives a detailed list of technology from France
Encyclopedia Britanica. “France, 1490-1715.” Encyclopedia Britanica. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Sept. 2011. <​EBchecked/​topic/​215768/​France/​40351/​ France-1490-1715>. this website gives information on France.
The Hub Pages. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Oct. 2011. <​hub/​ The-Old-Order-The-Monarchy-of-the-French-Revolution>. Good for all types.
K12. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Sept. 2011. <​explorers/​frenchexplorers.htm>. This is a good website because there is a long list of French Exploration.
Smart History. Smart History. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Sept. 2011. <​1700-1800-Age-of-enlightenment.html>.
Sutterstock. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Oct. 2011. <​pic-34993240/​ stock-photo-old-traditional-french-house-el-zas-france.html>.
Wikipedia. “Early Modern France.” Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Sept. 2011. <​wiki/​Early_modern_France>. This website gives a lot of information on early modern France.
- - -. “The french monarchs.” Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Oct. 2011. <​wiki/​List_of_French_monarchs>.
- - -. “French Renissance .” Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Sept. 2011. <​wiki/​French_Renaissance>. A Wikipedia article about the french renaissance.
- - -. “Mona Lisa.” Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Sept. 2011. <​wiki/​Mona_Lisa>. The Mona Lisa was created in the 1500’s.... This helps for art.
- - -. “Wikipedia.” Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Oct. 2011. <>. i got my pictures from here