France in the 1400s to 1600s

Area inhabited/ruled [if members of your group emigrated, immigrated, or established settlement (colonies) outside of their home country you should include an explanation of that travel or settlement in this section; include places traveled and reasons for leaving home country]
France was inhabited mostly by people of Europe.The first inhabitants of the Roman region of Transalpine, Gaul, are not known, but history has told us that the first known inhabitants were the Celtics. In the third century, people such as the Franks and Alemanni people began to arrive in the region, and Roman rule started to decrease in power. In the fourth century, people such as the Franks, Goths, and other German people resided in the area.

Social and Political Organization
The Organization of society was determined by heredity. The classes were ranked by “Estates”. On top of the social class were the kings and princes. The First Estate was made p of Clergy, all Roman Catholics, Bishops, and Sons of Nobility. Next the Second Estate included Members of the Nobility. Then there was the Third Estate which was represented by everyone else. Peasants had no official status. This organization of society was a major cause of the French Revolution. France had monarchies and emperors in the 1400-1600s. The Roman Region of Transalpine, Gaul, was governed by rulers. One of the greatest known rulers was Charlemagne, son of Charles Martel. Charlemagne became emperor of the united Frankish kingdom on the Christmas of 800. The big Frankish kingdom was split among his sons, and when his three grandsons fought over the kingdom, It was split into three smaller kingdoms in 843. Francia Media, Francia Occidentalis, and Francia Orientalis. In 1429, after 80 of the Hundred Years' War,1337-1429, Joan of Arc, a French heroine, led the victory over the English. By the 1600s, France dominated the continent of Europe, which was controlled by Louis XIV. Louise XIV palace was extravagant, until 1789. In 1789, the extravagance of the power became the main reason of the French Revolution. Louise XIV's monarchy was unseated, and the country entered the Reign of Terror. A decade of instability passed and in 1804, Napoleon Bonaparte declared himself as emperor.

Everyday life
Everyday life for most of the Frenchmen, peasants.
For peasants, there were several jobs that were done. Men peasants worked as millers, bakers, and cattle dealing. Some worked in barnyard mucks too. Their first job of the day could also be to send their wife to work, possibly in a wheelbarrow. The woman peasants would usually tend the animals in the field for most of the day. Domestic servants, day laborers, and draymen, all played essential parts in the society, and came from peasant leveled people.

In France from the 1400s to the 1650s the country was Roman Catholic. At the time France was under a dispute of freedom to worship. King Henri IV was the first to declare France a Roman Catholic country. This led to the persecution of many Huguenots (Protestants). Even though the country was trying to rid itself from the Huguenots they grew in size and in 1555 they established a church. As the Huguenots grew stronger a war broke out named The French War of Religion. After years of fighting an Edict or treaty called The Edict of Nantes was made to establish peace in 1598 between the two raging opponents. Upon this edict King Henri IV was assassinated in 1610. Then with the reign of a new king the edict was revoked by King Louis XIV in 1685. This event led to the persecution of the Huguenots again, and it forced them to flee to America, England, the Netherlands, and South Africa. Only a few Protestants remained in France. Only when Napoleon I came into power were the Protestants granted full equality.

The Palace of Versailles
Arts/ Technology/ Developed Culture

The French Renaissance (1494-1610) was a time of the arts, many beautiful buildings were built and many gorgeous pieces of art were made. During this time new ways to conduct oneself in public were created and French was the favored language of Europe’s Aristocracy. Not only were new rules for society created The Palace of Versailles was also built, but during the time of its construction many Europeans criticized it and called it extravagant. Although, when the palace was finished many Europeans made replicas all over Europe. Among some of the great architecture was the Chateaux of the Loire, the Tulleries Palace, and the old Louvre castle was rebuilt. Even though these beautiful buildings were being constructed it was outshined by the French War of Religion.

Napolean Bonaparte Rules

Bibliography- Sarah

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[[ q=french+flag&hl=en&sa=X&biw=758&bih=559&tbm=isch&prmd=imvns&tbnid=TSL2ZdXbNpVZCM:&imgrefurl=,r:4,s:0&tx=40&ty=61]].

Crown. Photograph. The Star Movies. Web.,r:1,s:0&tx=81&ty=65//.

Bibliography- Caroline

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Paul Gottlieb