1. Area inhabited/ruled [if members of your group emigrated, immigrated, or established settlement (colonies) outside of their home country you should include an explanation of that travel or settlement in this section; include places traveled and reasons for leaving home country] The Inca or Inka Empire was the largest pre-America empires and was established in C.E. 1230 and went on until C.E. 1525.
  2. Other_map.jpgThe Inca Empire is in what is now Peru. The moved out to cover most of the western coast but when the Conquistadors came the empire began to collapse with the end of it in C.E. 1525 The Incas territory was a rocky area with the Andes mountain range at the center with the capital city of Cuzco at the bottom with Machu Picchu at the top. There was no flat land except for around the shore of the Pacific Ocean which was jungle around there too. Just the entire terrain was jungle, plains, or mountains.Map.jpg
  3. Everyday Life The daily life of the Inca Empire was all dependent on if you were rich or poor. The life of the poor was harder than that of the rich in fields or making blankets or clothes. The poor kids had to stay at home because they couldn’t afford school. The houses of the poor were usually made of the bricks that the Incas packed together so tightly that they wouldn’t need mortar, they would be one story with just one large room.imgres.jpg The rich hade it easier because they had currency so they could afford to send their kids to school and they hardly did any work, unless it was a meeting. The houses of the rich were usually made of the same bricks, but their houses would be two stories tall with a wooden floor, but all houses had one thing in common they all had no furniture. The families would sleep on floors made of straw and cook outside of the house in fire pits.
  4. Social and Political Organization The Incas had a strong governmental status with an emperor and his noblemen and council members. At the beginning the emperor was called Inca or Sapa Inca, but over time the rest of society was being called Inca so it became the Incan was only known as Sapa Inca, and the society being known as Inca. In the world of the Incas the emperor was always the first born son or another chosen successor made by the king. The emperor had a royal council in which he had them make choices he couldn’t at the time. The royal council was usually members of the Sapa Inca’s family because they were the most trusted, but there could be a few non family member councilmen.
  5. Chiqui_Illapa_the_rain_god.jpgReligion The Incas were polytheistic which means they worshipped more than one god or goddess.Inti_the_sun_god.jpg There were three main gods the Incas worshipped, Inti the sun god, because the crops neaded sunlight, Quilla his wife the goddess of the moon, because they needed moon light to hold religious ceremonies during the night, and Illapa the god of rain so the crops would have enough water or the food to grow and for drinking. The Incas had a calendar just like the Mayans except instead of using it to predict the future they used theirs for the telling for the time of religious ceremonies. The Incas also had a traditions of sacrificing to the gods to show their thankfulness. The would sacrifice either a llama or a alpaca, but if they had shortage they would sacrifice kids by taking them to a structure high on the Andes and would live them there to freeze to death.
  6. Arts/Technology/Developed Culture The Incas had a diverse art culture and was very exotic. The Incas were gifted musicians to say the least. They hand made their instruments very delicately. The used mostly drums and flutes, but there was one instrument that was their pride and joy and that was the pan pipes, which were made of little pipes that were tied together and each pipe was a different length which gave them a different sound. The Incas didn’t always use their nstruments for just fun stuff; they also used them during religious gatherings and the drums during warfare to keep a steady beat while marching. The_panpipes.jpg

    Fountains.jpgThe technology of the Incas still amazes people today because of how easy it was for them to adapt to the situation of living on a mountain. The city of Machu Picchu is a great example of the amazing architectural powers of the Inca. Machu Picchu was used for religious ceremonies and religion related topics, but it also showed the technology of terrace farming and that of the Incan waterways. The terrace farming technique was used since the Inca farmed on the side of a mountain they had to come up with ways to grow plants orderly, all it was were little “terraces of about 5 yards out 15 across and they would fill them with seeds and wait for them to grow. Another miracle that ties in with terrace farming is the water ways that ran through the city and down the mountain, so it starts with the aqueducts at the top of the city catching water, the n valves are opened and water is delivered to the baths in the city and to the drinking fountains, also the water would trickle down the mountain and onto the terraces and giving them water for the plants. Even though the Incas didn’t have a written language or a form of giving and receiving messages they came up with their own way by making a long sytem of roads connecting cities. This long system of roads was called the Inca trail and was over 400,000 kilometer long, made of red bricks and looked like a canal with no water in it.Inca_Trail.jpg
    The Incas were very diverse in the way they had their culture with the one of a kind jewelry and more. Inca women would stay at home all day so they could make wonderful jewelry made of all sorts of beautiful stones found all over the mountain, also they made coats out of llama and alpaca fur and hides to keep them warm year round. The also had blankets that were made so they could trade with other civilizations or cities. A painful yet exciting part of the coming of age ceremony for boys was to have their ears pierced and have gold rings in the piercings, as the boys grew older they would have larger and larger rings added which elongated their earlobe, sometimes the lobes could reach all the to a man shoulders. This would usually take years depending on the person

    The Incas had a vegetable and fruit mostly diet with a few llamas sometimes.Berry.jpg

    The Incas had a unique diet made mostly of fruits like berries that grew on the mountain side and vegetables that they planted on the side of the mountain using the terrace farming technique. The reason for the Incas having a diet based mostly on rooted foods was because they lived on a mountain so it was really cold and most rooted plants like corn, potatoes especially, and yams were among the only foods that could survive on the mountain. Also there were berries found at the bottom of the mountains and the Incas called the Golden berries because of their color.Potatoes.jpgBy Joshua Porter 7204