1. Area inhabited/ruled [if members of your group emigrated, immigrated, or established settlement (colonies) outside of their home country you should include tan explanation of that travel or settlement in this section; include places traveled and reasons for leaving home country]
  2. Everyday Life
  3. Social and Political Organization
  4. Religion
  5. Arts/Technology/Developed Culture

The Iroquois Indians had control of most of northeastern America. They had control Southern Ontario and Quebec, most of New York, and all the way down to North Carolina. They mostly lived around rivers, for more access to food and water. In the 1570s, they were known as the League of Five Nations. The nations were Seneca, Onondaga, Mohawk, Cayuga, and Oneida. Around 1700, the Tuscaroras from North Carolina joined, making them the League of Six Nations. Below is a picture of the Iroquois territory.320px-Iroquois_5_Nation_Map_c1650.png

Everyday life for the Iroquois was very basic. Children would go to school, where they were taught but their mother’s aunts and uncles. When the kids weren’t learning, they were either playing, or helping their parents with their jobs. Girls would playing would play with faceless dolls, play house to practice their motherly skills, or help their mothers around the house, and boys would play games and sports, or help their father with fishing and hunting. Under this paragraph is a picture of a doll a little girl would play with, and a lacrosse stick that boys would play with.17069354.jpgnmai09_ancient_stick.jpg
The Iroquois were a matriarchal tribe. Women were very powerful compared to men. Women could own horses, dwellings, and land. Also, when a couple got married, the women were the ones who chose if they wanted a divorce or not. The wife’s main job was to take care of their kids, but they could also own land, and farm it. Men were the hunters, warriors, and statesmen. The women weren’t warriors, but they had the power to choose whether to go to war or not. Below is a picture of a normal Iroquoian family. mohawk1.jpg
Iroquois religion was called the Longhouse religion. The Longhouse Religion was based mostly on festivals and harvest. They believed that the seasons changed because of certain spirits controlling them. They also had several annual festivals that celebrated harvests and the changing of seasons. At these festivals, they sang, danced, and prayed. One major festival was the False Face Society. They put scary masks all around their longhouses to scare away all sicknesses and diseases. It was their way of medicine. Down below is a picture of a mask used at a False Face Society. Once the Europeans started coming from Europe, the Iroquois started to use Christianity, but Longhouse Religion was still used.image_3.jpg

Art and music were used popularly in the Iroquois tribes. They made masks, belts, and paintings out of beads, feathers, and porcupine quills. Something made a lot by the Iroquois were Wampums. Wampums were belts made out of purple and white beads and feathers that usually told a story. Sometimes they were even used as currency. For music, they mostly played drums and flutes. Water was poured into drums that gave it a distinct sound. Underneath is a picture of a water drum. In an attempt to woo their girlfriends, men would play a flute outside their longhouse. drum7.jpg

The Iroquois had a unique culture. They referred to themselves as the “Haudensaunee” or “People of the Longhouses.” Below is an example of a longhouse, where 2 or more families would live. They used longhouses as a symbol for their League, witht he Mohawks guarding the east door, the Seneca guarding the west door, and the Tuscarora guarding the south door. In each Nation, they had three different clans- turtle, wolf, and bear, with the exception of the Seneca. The Seneca had five other clans called crane, snipe, hawk, beaver, and deer. figure1longhouselg.gif