The Portuguese Empire was extremely important during the Atlantic World because they “paved the road” for all exploration beyond Europe. They challenged and explored new sea routes that led to discoveries of new land, new trading systems, and new cultural influences. Through area inhabited, everyday life, social and political organization, religion, and arts/technology/related culture the Portuguese strived to have the greatest explorers in the world, and
they succeeded. -PRexternal image 3lEWWw90IsRs5XcZ28USLSKBUCJ0u1fESxctgq6IFDwGVB0w4Fa1UExRo9RMrgC6BNpiODSbPscmftHFQB5lscn-PhVkHGHO25Wx8GoZG_tqvJi3qQI
During the years of 1200-1600, Portugal explored many different areas around the world. Portugal was the first civilization to fully start the process of globalization. The Portuguese Empire started July 25, 1415. There were two wars between the Romans and the Carthage. The Romans eventually won the land that is now Portugal. They created cities along the coast and brought Christianity into the region. Later, Portugal conquered many islands around its territory, and by 1431 most of the Azorean Islands were colonized by the Portuguese. In 1434 the Portuguese started exploring Africa. Finally their trading ships reached the Gold Coast. In 1484 Portugal rejected Christopher Columbus’s idea of reaching India from the west because it seemed unreasonable. But after he had discovered America, Portugal took 13 ships across the Atlantic and were the first to take over Brazil. Around the 1600s, the domain of the Portuguese Empire was parts of Asia, Africa, and South America. It was many times larger than Portugal itself. This is just some of the dates and places Portugal conquered and traded from. Portugal was very involved with the world during the age of exploration and colonized all over the world. -AWexternal image VW_XTmFavAv4gqsFveiyQGoSrtsBFCUsaeT07IdHVn_1c3Tumtteix99qyJCw2J2ih173XFp7Gr6Y_HedmZwz779xTX0otpII1Tj7W4fMCEPDpv7R78external image MQyYWMZEXsmokzehMKMkVAcdwGqGU9PhXQon5DLdv-KzyPsYU2pKnGgtlaze3HkFhpbvuMBkWhKkUksOfdT6e9CLR4z3CCkYMiFUdmhdJ79yvDN7AWg
Everyday life in Portugal during the Atlantic World was mostly influenced by seafaring activities. Most of the Portuguese lived on land near the water or in small cities in the seaports of Lisbon and Oporto. The Portuguese made a living through fishing, land crops, and overseas commerce. During these times Portugal was considered a wealthy and powerful nation. Ships came to and from Portugal and they carried explorers, sailors, merchants, migrants, and slaves. -PRexternal image TmysxYtAlGQzkz9xQpjsVN9ZKQZMruG1iQ8cF-AKsZiBKeCY-0QNWcqe90ovI7_EQMp7DL-dSyKt765UOb6Hl0eodIgzIhZp0J059g6lGimmdIpM1sA
Portugal’s political system was run by a Monarchy. The king, the clergy, and the noblemen, were the highest social class. The commoners were the lowest and consisted of serfs who mostly worked as agriculture’s, village craftsmen, and fishermen. People were born into their social classes during these times. Portugal was lucky to have a Monarchy that had a strong desire to expand by sea, because it made the country economically and politically stronger. In the early 1400’s, Prince Henry the Navigator, the son of King John I, started the School of Navigation in Portugal. Through educating sailors on new techniques and seafaring skills based on science, the Portuguese were ready to be the first to discover new routes and lands. -PRexternal image 1RqqX-kkD__sH4YsBiE1adZ3XxWyfYvy4GQ6Qg_7Fw46_lc5P2T7P5w9mAD3uAvpJFcHDBQ49W002GP-Nnn3Gk05jeZZjqnhCPRZBhtysMiGUY3WmgY
Roman Catholic is Portugal’s main religion. To be specific, more than 80% of the people are Roman Catholic, 3% are other religions, and 4% claims no religion at all. People who live in the north, middle and islands of Portugal practice more religion than people in the south. The Portuguese have a strong tie to Saints and the Virgin Mary. They believed in superstitions such as the “evil eye” and witch craft. Portuguese people had faith in one god and believed that a good human life will be rewarded after death. Also, the Portuguese people believed in heaven. As you can see, Portugal has a strong religion and they believe in many things. -AWexternal image rq8ubfCSKjK70FVv5ZuZqFHYmHopys2ByFIjqn_9kNZQeL65U1xg7S4VsBC_gVaGMgKn5WYFl5771kOE7OcycelpH2WRRSJwaBBHTtk928GOHu1mmY4
The Portuguese created a lot of art, they developed technology, and they continued to build up their culture. They were known for their skills in architecture and ceramics. They also made beautiful rugs. The Portuguese would have festivals where they could express their art capability on the floats. “Fado” was a festival where the Portuguese would folk dance and dress in gowns that have historical origin. Bull fighting was also an important performing art. Portugal invented a boat called the caravel, which had the ability to sail windward while in the vigorous sea. Portugal spent time focusing on what was important like their talents, religion, and growing as a community. -AW and PRexternal image dia35mfE6YO39aVNCQHlu-c_UFWiFTLBaE0YxFOEW6rVmpfVhNjUOVousJ5kBR_BD78xmVUXBmDsTgAmWAlLqiXcnvgifqcGapz9EA58XplNQQUeoUAexternal image FUm_PLyMJqwk6j7v6CcR7lnhkhCbMaiplzCbe5gJoCQkhBOWrNLcxZfxQXNAQpJlKJSoo2zW4nMsutBFEvHn9yGL475HwfnWyBTBiXMessIPV5aJ2q8
With all these categories, we can tell how much Portugal interacted with the Atlantic World. They explored and conquered many different parts of Asia, North America, South America, Africa and even more parts of Europe then they already had. After sailing across the seas and traveling across land, they had accomplished many things and had fulfilled many goals. They had a very developed culture and civilization and continued expanding and learning more and more. As a result of working hard and striving to their goals, they had a very strong empire. -AW