Atlantic World Research Paper: Spain

Dominic Proctor & Ethan Reed

In the 16th century Atlantic World, Spain was possibly the most powerful country at that time. They had defined religion, a great military, outstanding leadership, and an robust effect on other countries. Lets take a look at Spain over age of the Atlantic World (ETR & DMP)

Spain inhabited a lot of areas for resources, and for just exploring the world. One of the places that Spain inhabited was America. Christopher Columbus traveled to America in 1492. He was intended to get to India going west to prove that the world was not flat. He ended up in America after traveling on the Niña the Pinta, and the Santa Maria. It took from August 3 to October 12 to get from Spain to America for him. The voyage was declared by King Ferdinand V and Queen Isabella I. When Columbus landed in the West Indies he declared it Spain's territory. When he returned to Spain, Queen Isabella I demanded that he return on another voyage. When he returned he found out that the men he left behind were killed by the native people of the land. Spain was one of the first countries to find America. The reason that they left Spain is that they thought they could find better resources that hadn't been already found. (ETR)
Christoper Columbus

Spain had an incredible culture with arts that were very advanced for the time period Spain thrived in. Other European countries such as France and Italy had a large influence on the arts and culture of Spain. The Italian renaissance had large effects on the art styles of Spain. A lot of artists had Italian styles and ideas. One famous artist from Spain was El Greco (1541-1614). He had a strong Mannerist style he thrived in the Spanish golden age of art. Another famous artist in Spain was Francisco Zurbaran. His paintings were very realistic and religiously influenced. Most artists painted the royal families or were more driven by their religious beliefs that were mainly Christianity and/or Catholicism . Many Spanish artists depicted the king or queen in their masterpieces. In the 18th century the Bourbon dynasty began. Under the rule of King Philip V, this led to changes in art styles more influenced by France and the Neoclassical styles of art. Although there were many different styles of art, Spain’s art and culture was perhaps the most advanced and the most famous in all of Europe during the Atlantic world time period . (DMP)
El Greco: The Disrobing of Christ

Spain had one of the top governments during the Atlantic World era. Spain was one of the greatest empires in the 16th century. They were considered as the top country in all of Europe, if not the world at the time. They were wealthy that they got from the Americas. However, they did begin to decline at the end of the 16th century. There government was run in the late 15th century by King Ferdinand V, as well as, Queen Isabella I. They led one of the most memorable missions in history. In 1491 they sent Christopher Columbus West to find India to prove that the world wasn't flat. King Phillip III put Spain in 23 million ducits (Spanish money at the time) of debt, and then needed to borrow money from other countries to pay it off. People described him as the “laziest king in Spain’s history”. Regardless, Spain was able to pay off the money eventually. (ETR)

Christianity played a large role in the life of all Spaniards. Christianity effected the art they made, and the Spanish leaders wanted to spread Christianity around the world. This is one reason why Spain explored and left their own country. A strong Islamic population from the early Common Era to 1492 caused Christianity to be lower in population for a long time. Eventually, the Christian leaders kicked out everybody that practiced the religion of Islam and other native religions. Spain had a strong diversity when it came to religion. Catholicism has been a religion that many have practiced in Spain. (DMP)
Queen Isabella I

Daily life in Spain was religious. There was a high Christian population from 1492 and on. The reason being of Christopher Columbus traveling to the new world in effort to spread Christianity, claim more land, and explore. Anywhere earlier than 1491 the religion was dominated by the Islam religion. Spaniards were also held under ruling of the kings and queens. The mission to America was partially to be free from the ruling of the kings and queens. (ETR)

Spain had great knowledge for their time. They had almost every intangible that a country needs to be powerful. They were overall, a better country than the rest of thriving societies during that time period. Their government was powerful, their religion was important in everyday life, and they also had various ways of getting resources for their countries needs. Although some countries may not have had a high opinion of Spain, it was still a power in the Atlantic world. The famous country of Spain had a strong effect on us today and will continue to have an effect on us in the future. (DMP & ETR)